Autumn has arrived and this is a good time to look at your pond and prepare it for winter and spring.
If you have native grasses such as Phalaris and Glyceria they can be cut back once the seed heads have matured and the birds have had their fill. As a rule of thumb cut back by 2/3rds to tidy them.
Species such as Phragmites can be left as seed heads mature in winter and they lend an air of structure to the pond.
Sedges and rushes such as Carex and Juncus species can be left as they are semi evergreen and provide cover.
Flowering plants such as Caltha, Filipendula and Lythrum can be cut back by a third but not too hard.
When all the work is done you have time to plan additional native plants to enhance your pond in the spring.